Jenis kaca mobil: Jenis-jenis Kaca Mobil dan Tips Merawatnya

Jenis-jenis Kaca Mobil dan Tips Merawatnya

Sebagian pemilik mobil mungkin ada yang masih belum paham soal jenis kaca mobil. Sepanjang kaca mobil masih layak dipakai, maka pemilik mobil tidak mau ambil pusing. Padahal ada beberapa jenis kaca mobil yang bisa Anda ketahui beserta kelebihan dan kekurangannya. 

Seperti yang Anda ketahui pabrik mobil memiliki standar tersendiri mengenai bahan kaca mobil yang digunakan. Standar utama yang biasanya harus dipenuhi adalah faktor keamanan. Kaca harus lebih kuat serta memiliki tingkat kegelapan tertentu. 

Kaca mobil tidak hanya berfungsi agar pengemudi bisa dengan mudah melihat bagian luar, tetapi juga untuk menjaga privasi. Agar privasi tersebut tetap terjaga, banyak pemilik mobil yang menambahkan stiker film agar tidak bisa terlihat dari orang luar. 

Terlepas dari penggunaan stiker, kaca mobil juga terbagi menjadi berbagai jenis. Untuk lebih mengenal jenis kaca mobil, berikut penjelasannya dan juga bagaimana tips merawat kaca mobil.

Jenis-jenis Kaca Mobil

1. Kaca Laminated

Jenis kaca yang juga dikenal dengan sebutan lamisafe ini pembuatannya melibatkan dua buah lapisan kaca dengan ukuran tebal 2 mm dan bagian tengahnya disisipi oleh lembaran film Polyvinyl Butiral Film atau PVB. Makanya, daya tahannya kuat serta mampu meredam benturan. Kelebihan itulah yang membuat kaca mobil jenis ini biasa digunakan pada bagian depan mobil agar saat pecah tidak langsung berhamburan. 

Selain kuat dan tidak mudah pecah, adanya lembaran film PVB membuat kaca mampu menahan sinar UV sampai 96 persen. Meski tampak kokoh, namun sekali kaca laminated mengalami keretakan maka dampak retaknya bisa menjalar dengan cepat. Solusinya pun tidak bisa diperbaiki, melainkan segera menggantinya dengan yang baru. 

2. Kaca Tempered 

Dibanding jenis laminated, kaca tempered memiliki kekuatan 5 kali lipat lebih besar karena dikemas dengan ukuran tebal 5 mm dan mampu menerima benturan hingga 1. 500 Kg/Cm2. Tekstur kacanya sangat keras dan tidak mudah pecah meskipun terkena benturan. Pada sebuah kendaraan pribadi biasanya kaca tempered digunakan pada bagian samping dan belakang.

Kaca ini juga dikenal dengan sebutan kaca jagung karena saat pecah, kaca tempered akan berubah menjadi potongan sangat kecil sebesar biji jagung. Meski begitu, butiran pecahan kaca tempered tidak tajam jadi cukup aman jika sedikit tersentuh oleh Anda.  

3. Kaca Partially Tempered

Seperti namanya yang terselip tempered, proses pembuatan jenis kaca ini pun kurang lebih sama dengan jenis kaca tempered. Namun, pada kaca partially tempered kadar pendinginan akhirnya sedikit dikurangi khusus pada bagian tengah kaca mobil. Hal tersebut dilakukan supaya ketika terjadi retak pada kaca, sisi tengah tidak sepenuhnya hancur berkeping-keping, melainkan masih ada titik tertentu yang bisa digunakan untuk melihat ke arah depan.

Tips Merawat Kaca Mobil Supaya Tetap Kinclong

Setelah mengenis jenis-jenis kaca, Anda jadi lebih tahu ‘kan bahwa jenis kaca yang digunakan pada setiap mobil bisa berbeda-beda. Namun, meski jenis kaca yang digunakan bisa berbeda, perawatan yang dibutuhkan terhadap kaca mobil tetaplah sama. 

Tidak sedikit pengemudi yang kerap mengeluhkan kualitas kaca jelek karena mudah baret dan berjamur. Padahal penting sekali untuk menjaga transparansi kaca mobil supaya nyaman dikendarai pada setiap kondisi baik itu saat malam, cuaca berkabut, dan hujan. Namun, sebagian keluhan tersebut bisa juga terjadi karena kesalahan perawatannya, loh!

Berikut ini beberapa tips merawat kaca mobil supaya tetap kinclong.

1. Rutin Membersihkan Kaca

Tidak hanya pada saat mencuci mobil saja, Anda juga perlu rutin membersihkan kaca setiap ada noda atau kotoran yang melekat. Soalnya, beberapa jenis kotoran bisa menjadi noda yang akhirnya susah hilang. Apalagi air hujan atau lumpur yang jika tidak segera dibersihkan bisa membuat kaca mobil Anda menjadi berjamur. Sebagai saran, ada baiknya luangkan waktu Anda untuk membersihkan kaca terlebih dulu sesampainya di rumah setelah bepergian.  

2. Perhatikan Lap yang Digunakan 

Saat membersihkan kaca, tentu saja Anda membutuhkan lap bukan? Pastikan Anda selalu membersihkan dengan lap yang halus dan juga bersih. Jika lapnya kotor atau bahkan mengandung pasir, maka bisa menimbulkan goresan-goresan halus pada kaca. Lap yang terlalu kasar juga bisa menjadi penyebab munculnya goresan. Maka dari itu, Anda sebaiknya perlu memperhatikan lagi lap yang digunakan untuk merawat kaca mobil agar bisa bersih optimal. 

3. Keringkan Mobil Setelah Dicuci

Sebagian orang mungkin ada saja yang malas mengeringkan mobilnya setelah dicuci. Anggapannya mobilnya bisa kering sendiri karena terkena panasnya sinar matahari. Padahal saat mobil selesai dicuci atau kaca dibersihkan dari kotoran, sebaiknya harus segera dikeringkan. Hal tersebut bertujuan agar titik-titik air tidak menempel dan akhirnya membekas. Permukaan kaca yang kering juga mempersulit debu untuk menempel. 

4. Cek Kondisi Karet Wiper Secara Berkala

Saat musim hujan seperti ini, Anda juga perlu rutin mengecek kualitas wiper. Apakah karet wiper masih berfungsi dengan baik atau tidak. Soalnya, jika wiper rusak maka hal tersebut bisa mengakibatkan goresan pada kaca. Jika perlu, bersihkan karet sebelum berkendara atau saat memanaskan mobil di pagi hari. 

Itu dia jenis-jenis kaca mobil dan tips merawat kaca mobil agar tetap kinclong. Apabila kaca mobil Hyundai Anda mengalami masalah, segera periksakan kendaraan kesayangan dan jangan lupa untuk melakukan perawatan berkala di bengkel resmi Hyundai terdekat. Sebagai pemilik kendaraan, mengecek kondisi kendaraan secara rutin menjadi kewajiban yang tidak boleh kalian lewatkan.

Perbedaan Kaca Tempered dan Kaca Laminated untuk Mobil

Ada dua jenis kaca mobil yang dikenal di dunia otomotif. Namanya, kaca tempered dan kaca laminated. Dua-duanya ini mampu meminimalkan cedera saat terjadi kecelakaan, loh Sahabat. Baik kaca laminated ataupun kaca tempered, keduanya memiliki tingkat perlindungan yang lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan kaca biasa. Kedua kaca tersebut tergolong ke dalam jenis safety glass. Lalu, apa sih perbedaan keduanya? Simak baik-baik, yuk Sahabat!

Kaca Laminated

Umumnya kaca laminated ditempatkan sebagai windshield atau kaca depan. Kaca laminated ini sulit ditembus karena sifatnya yang mampu meredam benturan dan menjaga lapisan. Sifat pecah kaca jenis laminated ini tidak akan menghambat visibilitas. Kaca laminated merupakan perpaduan dua kaca yang mengapit film PVB (Poly Vinyl Buthyral) dengan ketebalan 0,76 milimeter. Kedua lapisan kaca tersebut umumnya memiliki ketebalan masing-masing 2 milimeter.

Lapisan PVB pada kaca laminated berfungsi sebagai pengikat dua lapisan kaca sekaligus sebagai penguat dari kaca itu sendiri. Lapisan PVB inilah yang membuat kaca laminated lebih kuat daripada kaca biasa loh! Namun, kamu perlu berhati-hati saat kaca laminated ini retak. Sekecil apapun keretakannya, pecahan tersebut akan dengan cepat merembet. Nah, ini menjadi salah satu kekurangan kaca laminated. Jika hal itu sudah terjadi pada kaca i>laminated mobil kamu, sebaiknya kamu segera melakukan pergantian kaca. Jangan dibiarkan semakin parah ya Sahabat.

Kaca Tempered

Jika kaca laminated digunakan pada bagian kaca depan mobil, kaca tempered umumnya digunakan dikedua sisi samping dan di belakang mobil. Kaca tempered memiliki kekuatan 5 kali lebih besar daripada kaca laminated. Tidak percaya? Coba saja pukul kaca samping mobilmu dengan stik baseball. Dijamin tidak akan pecah. Kaca tempered memiliki ketebalan 5 milimeter. Jenis kaca ini baru akan pecah saat menerima benturan sebesar 1.500 kg per cm2. Selama kaca tempered belum memiliki luka sedalam 1 per 6 dari ketebalannya, kaca tidak akan pecah.

Namun, bila hal tersebut sampai terjadi, kamu harus segera melakukan pergantian kaca. Jika luka pada kaca tempered dibiarkan, resonansi atau getaran yang ditimbulkan mobil dapat memecahkan kaca di waktu yang tidak terduga. Jika kaca tempered pecah, kepingannya akan berbentuk kecil-kecil dan tidak tajam. Salah satu kelemahan kaca tempered ini adalah saat sebuah benda keras menghantam dengan kecepatan tinggi, benda tersebut dapat masuk ke dalam kabin mobil.

Sebenarnya, kaca tempered merupakan lembaran kaca biasa. Sebelum didinginkan secara mendadak, kaca tempered ini terlebih dahulu dipanaskan pada suhu 6000  celsius. Perubahan suhu yang mendadak tersebut tidak membuat lapisan kaca pecah. Justru mengubah struktur molekul kaca dan membentuk ikatan yang lebih kuat dari sebelumnya.

Sahabat bisa banget loh menambahkan lapisan kaca film untuk memperkuat kaca samping. Hal tersebut dapat mengantisipasi kemungkinan kaca tempered yang bisa pecah berkeping-keping. Perlu diingat, gunakan kaca film biasa saja ya Sahabat. Tidak perlu menggunakan kaca film dengan yang mampu menolak peluru. Jadi, jika suatu saat kamu berada dalam keadaan darurat, kaca tersebut tetap bisa dipecahkan.

Nah, jika Sahabat terpaksa harus memecahkan kaca karena keadaan darurat, usahakan untuk memecahkan kaca pintu sebelah kanan bagian kemudi. Karena ketersediaannya banyak di pasaran sehingga mudah diperoleh. Harganya juga relatif murah. Tapi, semoga hal darurat semacam itu tidak terjadi ya Sahabat.

Baca juga : 7 Rekomendasi Pembersih Kaca Mobil Terbaik

photos, biography and death story

Janis Joplin was a symbol of the 60s of the last century — with their craving for the abyss, drugs and heartbreaking music. Janis Joplin became famous at 24 and died at 27. For her «black» voice, she received the title «Mom of the Blues». After her, not a single white singer was awarded this honor.

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Janis Joplin

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«Scarecrow, you sing great!»

Do not self-medicate! In our articles, we collect the latest scientific data and the opinions of authoritative health experts. But remember: only a doctor can diagnose and prescribe treatment.

Janis Joplin often said that the public loves blues players only when they are unhappy. And that they die young.

As a child, in her native Texas, Janice did not feel much joy about being born into the world. Nature endowed her with a not too beautiful, to put it mildly, appearance. Classmates laughed at a plump, pimply teenager with unruly, eternally tangled hair. At 19At 63, she ran away from college after she «won» a local competition for the title of «Ugliest Person in the Dorm.»

Janice tried to avoid mirrors so she wouldn’t get upset. And already in high school I was looking for salvation from problems in alcohol. She also locked herself in her room, plucked her guitar strings and listened endlessly to the greatest folk, jazz and blues artists of the 20th century. Ironically, her last day at college was the day of her first mini-triumph. Janice was sitting on the porch of the house on campus and humming along with the guitar, when one of the students passing by suddenly said: “Scarecrow, you sing great!” Janice looked up and asked in bewilderment, “Really? And I didn’t know. »

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Just music and just sex

Joplin hitchhiked to San Francisco and got a job as a singer at a nearby bar. She spent two years among the beatniks, ardent fighters against bourgeois morality. They were close to her, because back in Texas, Janice boldly opposed the oppression of blacks.

However, the feeling of loneliness and own uselessness did not go away. She tried drugs for the first time. Janice understood that she needed to return home, sort herself out and decide what to do next. Someone at the bar gave her money for a ticket. But I couldn’t find myself at home either. Parents encouraged their daughter’s passion for music, but did not understand her at all.

Joplin has become crowded in a provincial town. It was clear that if she did not return to San Francisco, she would completely lose herself. Just at that moment, she received a letter from one of her acquaintances. It said, among other things, that some group is looking for a vocalist. Janice returned to San Francisco. And I didn’t recognize the city at all, filled with hippies in bright clothes with unkempt hair. They smoked dope and listened to music endlessly. Among them was the same group — Big Brother And The Holding Company.

Less than two weeks later, Janice began an affair with one of the band members, James Gurley. For both, it was the epitome of hippie freedom and just sex. Neither was deterred by the fact that James already had a wife, Nancy, and a child. Nancy, having caught them in her bed, kicked her husband out. For two weeks he lived with Joplin, but soon left her and returned to his wife. The incident was over: Nancy and Janice became friends, the group began to perform.

«The public only likes blues players to be unhappy. And to die young»

Crazy Idol of the 60s

At the Monterey International Music Festival in 1967, the unknown Big Brother And The Holding Company made a splash. Cutting and at the same time gentle, «some kind of velvety» voice of Janice, her frenzy on stage and complete dedication did their job. The recording company Mainstream signed a contract with the team.

A completely different life began: success, the release of an album, two singles, constant performances, money, as well as drinking and drugs. Janice became an idol of the youth of the sixties: she was imitated in a crazy manner of dressing. She put on as many beads and bracelets around her neck and arms as she could stand, performed in the summer in a huge fur hat and green boots, in red trousers and a T-shirt.

“When I’m on stage, I make love to 25,000 people”

“Amazing woman. Do you have her number?

Janice met Jim Morrison, frontman of The Doors, during this period. It happened at a Hollywood party in honor of Andy Warhol. Joplin was wearing something purple, peacock feathers sticking out of her hair, and in her hand was the same bottle of liquor. Jim walked up to her and unceremoniously hugged her around the waist. He asked Janice something about her life, she started talking about her nightmare university years, Jim drank his whiskey and listened.

After a while, Janice laughed at something Morrison was saying. He was suddenly offended, grabbed her by the hair and with a sharp movement squeezed her head between her legs. Janice jumped up, terrified of his mother, slapped Jim in the face and left, humiliated. He tried to catch up with her and, when she was already getting into her psychedelically painted Porsche, he began to grab her by the hands and ask for forgiveness. Janice hit him over the head with the bottle. And she left. The next day, Jim was walking around like crazy, repeating, “What a woman, what an amazing woman. Does anyone have her phone number?»

“What a star I am to you!”

Columbia Records soon entered the fray for the rights to the works of Big Brother And The Holding Company. The album Cheap Thrills was released, several songs from which soared to the top of the charts. Meanwhile, the band members began to notice that the public loves and singles out only Janice. The posters said «Janis Joplin & Co. » The halls chanted: «Janice, we love you!» Newspapers shouted about the phenomenon of a white singer with a «black» voice.

At the same time, Janice managed to avoid star disease, she said to herself: “What a star I am to you! After the concert, broken, I come to the dressing room, my hair is tousled, my clothes are stained, my underwear is torn. I have a terrible migraine, I can’t find a second shoe. I have no one to return home to, and, tipsy, I beg my manager to give me a lift to an empty apartment. Is it the same with the stars?”

Trapped in their inner world

On Christmas Day 1968 the band played their last show together. Janice started recruiting new musicians. Without music, she could not imagine her life: «When I’m on stage, I make love to 25 thousand people, and then I return home alone.»

Joplin created her own group, the Kozmic Blues Band, which began playing classic soul. Then Janice began to realize that she had serious problems with drugs: “I am a prisoner of my inner world, I don’t know what to do with it, I hate this feeling. I have already learned to make it work for me on stage, but in ordinary life it depresses me. This was also said by Janice’s predecessor, her favorite jazz singer Billie Holliday. She died at 37, and when before her death they predicted that she would die of alcoholism, she answered: “No. I will die of loneliness.»

“I have no one to go home to, and I am tipsy and beg my manager to give me a lift to an empty apartment. Is that how the stars are?”

Meeting the man of my dreams — sober

In July 1969, Joplin received news of her friend Nancy, the same one from whom she had taken her husband away for some time.Nancy was pregnant for the second time when she died of an overdose. Janice threw all the drugs out of the house.

At the same time, Joplin fell madly in love with Seth Morgan. True, he was not interested in her work and never listened to her songs, but Janice did not care. meant something to her. All her previous relationships did not work out. In her loneliness, Joplin consoled herself with the statement of one singer who, after a triumph on stage, called a man who wanted to marry her into the dressing room and said: «Saw what is happening with the public now? Do you think you able to give me the same feeling as all these people?” So Janice kept repeating that no man could give her even an approximation of what the stage gives her until she met Seth.0003

After a month of sobriety, she took to the stage of the famous Woodstock rock festival along with Joe Cocker, Carlos Santana and her friend Jimi Hendrix. Her performance was seen by a record number of spectators for those times — 450,000. Then she performed, perhaps, her best song Work Me Lord. She sang that she was looking everywhere, but could not find her man anywhere. She asked God not to leave her, because she feels so unnecessary on Earth. Let him take her to him, she may be useful.

Janis Joplin’s death taken by God

Soon Janice had a breakdown. She got drunk and injected herself with a huge dose of heroin. The next morning, she did not come to the airport to meet Seth. He called the studio, and his bandmates started looking for her. On October 4, 1970, a clerk found the singer dead in a motel room. Joplin died two weeks after Jimi Hendrix.

On the eve of her death, Janice called Los Angeles City Hall to find out how the marriage registration procedure was going. It turns out that Seth proposed to her.

Three Legends of the 27 Club

Janis Joplin’s body was cremated and her ashes scattered over the Pacific Ocean… And five days later, John Lennon received a birthday present. From Janice. He shuddered because, right before her death, she thought about him and was busy sending a song recorded especially for him. John told Youko that he was next. But he was wrong. He lived for another ten years.

Jim Morrison was next. Three symbols of the 60s were gone within a year: Hendrix, who died 2 weeks before Janice, Joplin herself and Morrison, who left after 9months.

Brilliant, unhappy, and died young

Janice was 27 years old when she passed away. And it was during this period that she categorically did not want to die. She had a fiancé, her career reached its peak. Joplin was about to feel the taste of happiness and taste mutual love. But she sang so much about God taking her to himself and protecting her that it came true. Janice fulfilled the wishes of her audience: she was brilliant, unhappy, and died young.

How I Met Your Mother Interesting Facts: vadro — LiveJournal

How I Met Your Mother is an American comedy television series created by Carter Baze and Thomas Craig. The plot is based on the story of one of the main characters — Ted Mosby, who in 2030 describes to his children the events of the life of him and his friends in New York in the 2000s. The premiere of the series took place on September 19, 2005 on the American television channel CBS. Throughout the filmed seasons of the series, several remarkable facts can be noted that will be of interest to fans of How I Met Your Mother.

The opening song titled «Hey Beautiful» is performed by The Solids, founded by series creators Thomas Craig and Carter Baze.

MacLaren’s Bar, the favorite bar of the main characters, is a real-life McGee’s bar in New York. In the series, the bar is named after Carter Base’s assistant Carl McLaren, the bartender in the series is also named Carl.

Advertisements for Lacoste and Fred Perry clothing and Bavaria beer are clearly visible throughout the released seasons. The popular liqueur «Jägermeister» is also used in scenes filmed in Ted’s apartment, where this drink can always be found on the hero’s table.

Starting from about the 13th episode until the last episode of the 4th season, it can be seen that the performer of the role of Lily (Alyson Hannigan) is trying with all her might to cover her growing belly with each episode. This is even played out at the end of episode 14 in an episode where she ate 33 hot dogs in 8 minutes. The suspicions about Alison’s pregnancy that arose among attentive viewers were confirmed; on March 24, 2009, on her birthday, she gave birth to a daughter, Satiana.

Robin (Cobie Smulders) also got pregnant towards the end of season 4. She gave birth to her daughter Shailene on May 16, 2009of the year, and on May 18, 2009, the last episode of the season was shown. But, apparently due to the fact that the performer of the role of Lily (Alyson Hannigan) temporarily left the project, the creators of the series had to hide the fact that Cobie Smulders was pregnant thanks to various tricks (baggy clothes, large bags and specially selected angles), while not taking her out of series. This fact is another reference to the Friends series, in which the performer of the role of Monica, actress Courteney Cox, was in a similar situation by the end of season 10.

There is a bonus video for season 2 episode 22 called «Lily and Marshal’s Honeymoon».

Britney Spears played the secretary at Ted’s dermatology salon for an entire episode. She also appeared in some episodes, in subsequent series.

The Bro Code, which Barney mentions so often throughout the series, was released by Simon & Schuster in 2008.

Season 3 Episode 7 the realtor is played by actress Maggie Wheeler, who played the role of Janice in Friends.

A broadcaster named Sandy, who worked with Robin, is the real-life husband of the actress who plays Lily.

American actor Neil Patrick Harris (Barney) admitted his homosexuality in an interview with the popular People magazine on November 3, 2006.

In Marshall and Ted’s apartment, like in the famous Pulp Fiction movie, the clock always shows 4:20.

The actor who played Scooter, Lily’s ex-boyfriend, is the real-life boyfriend of Neil Patrick Harris.

The dermatologist who got rid of Ted’s tattoo was played by Sarah Chalk. You could see her, for example, in the role of Elliot Reed in the series «Clinic».

Season 2 Episode 17 Robin and Lily have an accident with Marshal’s car. And in order to hide the traces of their stay, they do it like the heroes of the Tarantino film Pulp Fiction.

Season 5 Episode 9 Granny Lily is played by actress Christina Pickles, who played Judy Geller, Ross and Monica’s mother, on Friends.

Jenis-jenis Kaca Mobil dan Tips Merawatnya Sebagian pemilik mobil mungkin ada yang masih belum paham soal jenis kaca mobil. Sepanjang…